Ovarian cysts are one of the most common causes of infertility. It is the fluid that is filled with sacs in the ovary on their surface. Interestingly, women have two ovaries, which generates and release the mature eggs once in a month, and this process is called ovulation. Once the menstruation process stops, ovaries start doing the ovulation process. Ovarian cysts can cause discomfort and serious issue if ignored.

Many women discover that they ovarian cysts during the ovulation process as it causes cramp and pain at that time. If proper medication and treatment are taken, cysts will disappear. So, through this article, we bring you the symptoms and treatment of ovarian cysts.

Symptoms

Some women start seeing symptoms at their early stage of ovulation. If ovulation pain continues for some time, you should consult the doctor immediately. However, some cysts don’t show any symptoms but will create little discomfort. If you have symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, and pelvic pain, it could be ovarian cysts.

When to see a doctor

All you need to do is approach your doctor and seek medical attention if you have:

  • Pain with vomiting
  • Severe pelvic pain
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Breast tenderness
  • Nausea & vomiting

If you discover minor symptoms include rapid breathing, clammy skin, weakness, lightheadedness, approach your doctor right away.

Diagnosis test involves a pelvic examination, which helps them to detect the presence of ovarian cysts. With the ultrasound test, doctors can check if there is swelling on your ovaries. The ultrasonic test uses ultrasonography to determine the exact size, shape, location, and composition of a cyst.

  • MRI: It uses a magnetic field to generate an in-depth image of internal organs.
  • Ultrasound device:It is used to visualize the ovary.
  • CT scan: The imaging device used to make a cross-sectional image of internal organs.

According to a leading infertility speacialist Goral Gandhi, who owns one of the best infertility centres in Mumbai- Indo Nippon IVF– Ovarian cysts are usually harmless and go away on their own without treatment. In pregnant women, most are gone by about the 16th week of pregnancy. No treatment is required if the cyst isn’t causing you any pain or discomfort and there’s no sign it could be cancerous.

Types of cysts

Here are three types of cysts which don’t affect your regular menstrual cycle.

  • Dermoid cysts: It is also known as teratomas, which as hair, teeth, and skin tissues. It survives in embryonic cells. Sometimes these cysts are cancerous.
  • Cystadenomas: it lives on the surface of the ovary and is filled with mucous material.
  • Endometriomas: This is a condition when uterine endometrial cells grow outside the uterus.

Cystadenomas and dermoid cysts are highly dangerous and make the ovary move out of its position. It also increases the possibility of painful torsion, which reduces the blood flow to the ovary.

Treatments

Some doctors can prescribe oral contraceptives to prevent the formation of new cysts. If the risk of cyst is high, they will do the following treatments.

  • Laparoscopy:This test is applicable for small cysts. A tiny incision is made around your navel, and a small instrument is inserted to remove the cyst.
  • Laparotomy: The test that uses biopsy techniques to remove the large cysts. If it turns out to be cancerous, doctors can perform a hysterectomy to remove uterus and ovaries.

It is difficult to prevent ovarian cysts. If we diagnose it early, we can prevent it from becoming cancerous. So, if you have any symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.

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