Various countries and continents across the globe are collectively working through their efforts to expand ground-breaking and life-changing treatments via stem cell research. The field is witnessing huge development as all the clinical trials in the same context have proved that stem cell therapies possess the probability to cure or reduce the symptoms of various diseases, conditions and disabilities which have been non-curable until now. Ajan Reginald, co-founder of Celixir , has put through a lot of hard work and effort whilst making them develop various breakthrough technologies like Heartcel and Tendoncel.
If we talk about China, stem cells retrieved from baby teeth is used to re-grow damaged dental tissue. In Canada, neural stem cells get used to reinstate motor impairments caused by cerebral palsy. Still, it’s really important to understand that there isn’t a single set of laws that is in place across various countries and each one of them have their respective guidelines and rules in the same regards.
Let’s have a look at the stem cell research around the world.
Even whilst being amongst the biggest of the continents, Africa is still behind in terms of all the research and clinical trials in relation to stem cells. The data shows that 80% of Mesenchymal stem cell clinical trials are happening across Asia, Europe and North America and only 2.5% of the list is taking place in Africa. Still, if we have a look at the existing legislative issues and religious beliefs within the continent, this must not be surprising.
In South Africa, there’s a regulatory legislation in place ever since 2013, which is generally connected to the use of embryo derived stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells and adult stem cells. Still the legislation isn’t implemented and often been ignored by most of the medical scientists indulged in stem cell tourism.
Looking into Egypt, experimental stem cell research (including cloning) is widely accepted, but in Tunisia, it’s illegal, along with research of embryonic stem cells. On the other side, most of the African Arab countries don’t have a clear legislation that controls stem cell research, and most of the governing bodies solely rely upon the existing religious and ethical beliefs. That’s where the absence of stern rules and government support has stifled the overall growth of stem cell research, and the African continent isn’t been able to deliver into the same field as effectively as it can.
Still, a big team of scientists and researchers are still putting down their efforts via various workshops, like the one held in Stellenbosch, South Africa. The whole motive of the workshop was to discuss the development process of stem cell therapies to combat cancer, diabetes and other non-communicable diseases that have taken over HIV for being the major cause of death across the continent.
Stem cell research has progressed quite significantly in a country like China, ever since the official policy on stem cells was put in place in the year 2015. In fact, stem cell research has made its way to become one of the major talking points in the government’s plan for the development of life sciences and biomedical sectors in the country. Moreover, all the financial support has been put through in order to equip the medical facilities with all the latest equipments. This has laid a big impact into the future of stem cell research as the country has seen a big upsurge in the international publication trends, between the year 2006 and 2010.Eventually, China’s stem cell research output has witnessed a big jump from 176 articles to 677.
Talking about the other part of the Asian continent, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) recently put through a revised proposal of the National Guidelines for Stem Cell Research after realizing dire need for thorough clinical trials and regulatory processes towards the development of safe and effective stem cell therapies in the country. Eventually, the research on in-vitro cultures of intact human embryos after 14 days of fertilization and research on xenogenic cells, xenogenic-human hybrids, modified human embryos, and germ-line stem cells got prohibited.
Other countries like Japan and Singapore have made their space as the market leaders in stem cell therapies and, though they still could not match the outputs of China, they have been largely recognized for their work in the same field.
Countries like Spain, Italy, Germany and the United Kingdom have all contributed big time to the stem cell research. Ever since the British scientists successfully created a clone of a sheep in Scotland back in 1996, they have become a leader in the same field
On the other side, both Italy and Germany got some of the most restraining legislation regarding stem cell research in the continent and they are followed by other nations like Croatia, Lithuania, and Slovakia in the same aspect. Moreover, countries like Belgium, Sweden and the UK got the least restrictive policies and countries like Austria, Ireland, Luxembourg and Poland currently don’t have any legislation in place.
The overall impact of this continent on stem cell research therapy can be ascertained from the fact that 33 of the 50 people listed in ‘Most Influential People on Stem Cells Today’ hails from North America, which very much proves the domination of USA and Canada in the same field. The is no legislative restrictions in the same regards in either of these countries but there are certain prohibitions in regards to its finding and usage. Even though former president Barack obama supported the research based in the country regarding stem cell therapies, the political scenario in the country has always offered a big challenge towards the same.
Ajan Reginald, co-founder of Celixir, has further quoted that ,”Even though it still a long journey ahead for stem cell research in various countries and continents, the progress around sounds way promising than earlier. This is how we all can work towards finding a better cure for all the untreatable disease and brings betterment to the health and safety of this world.